The Age Of Consolidation

VeradiVerdict - Issue #68

Last week, Anchorage, one of the more well-known digital asset custodians, announced that it acquired one of our portfolio companies, Merkle Data, and launched trading. Merkle has a strong team from top universities and Silicon Valley tech companies and built an advanced risk and data solution that was servicing institutional investors. The acquisition/partnership is a strong fit because both companies have a shared vision of bringing security, tools, and services for institutional investors to access digital assets.

More broadly, in my annual predictions, I predicted that 2019 would be a year of consolidation in the crypto space and I believe it will continue in 2020. So far, some of the largest acquisitions have been in the exchange/wallet space (Bitstamp, Korbit,, and Crypto Facilities. We have even seen one of our portfolio companies, Chain get acquired by the prominent token project Stellar.

My friends at TokenData published a pretty data-driven report on acquisitions.

Here are a few acquisition trends that should be upcoming:

  1. Exchanges becoming even more active in acquisitions

Exchanges have become the most successful companies in the space so far because they provide needed liquidity and access to cryptocurrencies. We’ve seen some of the largest US exchanges already making acquisitions:

More acquisitions will include ones for talent and revenue expansion (trading, compliance/data, and geography)

  1. Expansion and consolidation in the custodian sector

Providing security/custody of funds in the crypto space has solved an important problem for both retail and institutions. While security and licensing has been a barrier to entry for custodians, competition among startups and legacy institutions in this sector are likely to increase, bringing down fees. Thus, we will see startups starting to overlap in these categories:

  • Custody

  • Staking - earning tokens from validating

  • Trading - order execution

  • Settlement - quick/secure transfer of funds between counter-parties

  • Lending

  • Insurance

This will lead to the more successful or well-funded ones being the acquirers.

  1. Larger enterprises and institutions entering into the space and needing talent/technology

  • Tech/Payment companies - We’ve already seen Facebook announce Libra and hoping to bringing banking and payments to their suite of applications. The company acquired Chainspace and could be in a strong position to do more. Airbnb made an acquisition of one of our companies, ChangeTip. Square has been pretty vocal about Bitcoin while Twitter has set up a team to look into a decentralized version of the social network. In addition, crypto has been used for a remittance rail so payment companies like Visa, Stripe, and Paypal could be interested in making acquisitions.

  • Asset Management Firms - Banks looking to get into crypto-related revenue streams like custody, trading, and lending. Other financial service firms seeing operational benefits of using blockchain. JP Morgan’s Quorum projects is a permission-blockchain that has over 50 projects building on top of it while Goldman Sachs has invested into blockchain companies such as Veem, Circle, and Bitgo.

  • Governments - China announced that they would be launching their own digital currency sometime this year. The President of China also stated his support for China taking a lead in exploring using the blockchain for enterprise. I wouldn’t be surprised if other governments consider launching their own digital currency or other blockchain projects and therefore would need talent and technology to help accelerate their process.

  1. Token projects acquiring other token projects

2017 was the year of the ICO bubble with a large number of token companies raising capital. Companies usually raise capital to sustain them for 2-3 years so we are likely going to see projects from that era needing to find a home. It will be fascinating to see how these deals will be structured, as I can see a mix of equity and tokens being exchanged.

Pantera’s Role

Since Pantera has a large portfolio, we can help facilitate acquisitions within the portfolio. Being focused on the ecosystem for a while, we can also help our portfolio companies explore acquisition with external parties, whether it’s being acquired or acquiring other companies.

If your company is looking to acquire or be acquired, feel free to reach out.


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Hi, I’m Paul Veradittakit, a Partner at Pantera Capital, one of the oldest and largest institutional investors focused on investing in blockchain companies and cryptocurrencies. The firm invests in equity, pre-sales/IEO rounds, and cryptocurrencies on the secondary markets. I focus on early-stage investments and share my thoughts on what’s going on in the industry in this weekly newsletter.

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